DONATIONS of blood plasma to use in the manufacture of medicines can be made in Bolton after the lifting of a ban which lasted for more than two decades.

The town is home to one of the 14 centres nationwide which will run, intially, for three months.

Donations will be taken at repurposed former convalescent centres originally created for coronavirus research.

The donations will be used to make antibody-based medicines, called immunoglobulins, for people with rare immune diseases.

It comes after the Government lifted a ban which was imposed on UK donors in 1998 amid concerns about the spread of a human variant of made cow disease ­— bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD).

Martin Rengger, 51, was the first person to donate at the Twickenham hub in west London.

He told the PA news agency: “It was absolutely fine, I’ve donated plasma before so I kind of knew what I was expecting, there was nothing different than it was in the Covid plasma times.

“I had Covid at Christmas and was fine with it, but I started giving plasma from that and just got asked if I would continue giving plasma and I just think if I can’t spare an hour a month coming down here doing this then I think there’s something wrong."

NHS Blood and Transplant (NHSBT) said that around 17,000 people needed immunoglobin therapy in 2018/19 for a range of diseases and genetic disorders.

These included immune disorders such as common variable immune deficiency (CVID) and neurological disorders like Guillain–Barre syndrome and myasthenia gravis.

The medicines are also used to help treat cytopenia, a disorder featuring a low mature red blood cell count which can occur following radiotherapy and chemotherapy for cancer treatment, as well as dermatological disorders like Kawasaki syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis.

Amid a global supply shortage due to rising demand, the UK has previously depended on imports of blood plasma from other countries – mainly the US.

Dr Gail Miflin, chief medical officer for NHSBT, said: “Plasma is made into life-saving medicines for people with rare diseases.

“There is a growing need for plasma for medicines and a worldwide shortage of donors.”

She said that a “dedicated plasmapheresis programme” would “greatly increase NHSBT’s ability to provide plasma at volume” and reduce the reliance on plasma from overseas.

Natalie Beeton, 26, from Borehamwood, Hertfordshire, relies on immunoglobulin medicines to protect against serious illness due to her immunodeficiency.

Doctors believe her immune system was damaged by glandular fever and she has been receiving an antibody transfusion every six weeks at London’s Royal Free Hospital since July 2019.

“It pretty much killed my immune system,” she said.

Minister for innovation Lord Bethell hailed the “historic occasion” and urged people thinking about donating plasma to “absolutely take the plunge”.