Pope Benedict XVI is to resign

The Bolton News: Pope Benedict XVI is to resign Pope Benedict XVI is to resign

Pope Benedict XVI is to resign at the end of this month.

He says he is too old to continue at the age in 85.

it is the first resignations from the papacy in the modern era which has been marked by pontiffs dying while in office.

He became Pope in 2005 following John Paul II's death.

At 78, the former Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was one of the oldest new popes in history when elected.

A Vatican spokesman indicated that even the Pope's closest aides did not know what he was planning to do.

Pope Benedict XVI has a reputation as a charming and shy man who is also deeply conservative in his outlook and teaching.

The German-born Pontiff, 85, who is resigning due to his age and diminishing strength, was elected to the papacy in 2005, only the second non-Italian Pope since 1522 and the oldest on election since the 18th century.

The last pope to resign was Pope Gregory XII, who stepped down in 1415.

But Pope Benedict's decision to retire should not come as too much of a surprise.

He said after he was elected to the Papacy that he had prayed not to get the post and was hoping for a peaceful old age.

As the powerful Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, he was already well-known within the Catholic world before his election to the top job.

His image on elevation to the Papacy was one of an enforcer of Catholic orthodoxy and a cerebral disciplinarian who was unafraid to crack down on liberals and dissidents within the church.

While Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF), he gained the nickname "God's Rottweiler" for his pursuit of Catholic theologians and clergy seen to stray from orthodox teaching.

His pronouncements before becoming Pope included labelling homosexuality a "more or less strong tendency ordered toward an intrinsic moral evil" and saying rock music could be a "vehicle of anti-religion".

The Pope has also proved himself to be strongly against the ordination of women as priests, euthanasia, abortion and the use of artificial birth control.

Since his election as Pontiff his image has softened, leading him to be dubbed "Benedict the Benign" in some quarters - but he has also attracted considerable controversy.

The Pope's 2009 visit to Africa was overshadowed by a row sparked by comments he made while flying to the continent in which he rejected condoms in the fight against Aids.

His decision in 2009 to lift the ex-communication on renegade English cleric Richard Williamson, who made comments suggesting only 200,000 to 300,000 Jews died in the Holocaust and none perished in gas chambers, also caused uproar.

The Pope later issued a letter expressing his regret about the damage the affair caused to relations with the Jewish community, saying he had not known about Williamson's stance on the Holocaust when he took the decision to lift the ex-communication.

Perhaps his biggest setback as Pope was during his visit to Germany in 2006 when he was caught in a firestorm of criticism from the Islamic world after giving a lecture at his old university of Regensburg.

Quoting from an obscure Medieval text, he cited the words of a Byzantine emperor who characterised some of the teachings of the Prophet Mohammed, Islam's founder, as "evil and inhuman" - remarks that touched off widespread anger across the Muslim world.

The anger and violence sparked by his comments including attacks on seven churches in the West Bank and Gaza posed one of the biggest international crises involving the Vatican in decades.

In Somalia, gunmen killed an Italian nun and her bodyguard at the entrance of a hospital where she worked, in an attack that some feared was linked to the outrage over the Pope's remarks.

He later apologised, saying he was "deeply sorry" about the angry reaction to his remarks about Islam and holy war, saying the text he quoted did not reflect his personal opinion.

The Pope was made Archbishop of Munich and Freising in 1977 after a career as a university professor.

He was born in the village of Marktl am Inn in Bavaria - he explained on a visit to Germany after his election "my heart beats Bavarian".

His formative years coincided with the lifespan of the Third Reich. His family opposed National Socialism but did not participate in public resistance to the Nazis.

He was forced against his will into Hitler Youth at the age of 14 and into the Wehrmacht at 16, serving in an anti-aircraft unit before deserting towards the end of the war.

He was once viewed as a progressive within the Catholic Church and played a key role in the reforming Vatican II, the meeting between 1963 and 1965 that introduced sweeping reforms to the church.

It is believed that his experience of Marxist unrest amongst students in the theology faculty in Tubingen, southern Germany, in 1968 where he was a professor contributed to his conservative outlook.

In private, the Pope is known to be an accomplished pianist and a lover of Mozart.

He is also a cat lover and, as Cardinal Ratzinger, was known to have looked after stray cats in Rome.

Comments (9)

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12:49pm Mon 11 Feb 13

angus macoatup says...

good
good angus macoatup

1:16pm Mon 11 Feb 13

xxenigmaxx says...

ever since the leak of those confidential documents by the butler there as been one thing or another and the Vatican tolerates no breaches in its shroud of secrecy, and now this this ....... something smells slightly off to me!!!
ever since the leak of those confidential documents by the butler there as been one thing or another and the Vatican tolerates no breaches in its shroud of secrecy, and now this this ....... something smells slightly off to me!!! xxenigmaxx

1:24pm Mon 11 Feb 13

NHLUFC says...

Not the old " they made me join the Hitler Yourh" excuse.
Not the old " they made me join the Hitler Yourh" excuse. NHLUFC

1:52pm Mon 11 Feb 13

Marzi30 says...

Gary Megson is 7/4 favourite to get the job !!!
Gary Megson is 7/4 favourite to get the job !!! Marzi30

5:14pm Mon 11 Feb 13

NHLUFC says...

So, the nazi leader of an organisation that covers up child abuse by its employees has quit. Unfortunately for aids ravaged nations, women and those who come under the "care" of the Catholic Church there'll be another one coming along to take his place.
So, the nazi leader of an organisation that covers up child abuse by its employees has quit. Unfortunately for aids ravaged nations, women and those who come under the "care" of the Catholic Church there'll be another one coming along to take his place. NHLUFC

6:07pm Mon 11 Feb 13

aardwolf says...

I suppose the choir boys started over-powering him for a change...
I suppose the choir boys started over-powering him for a change... aardwolf

7:03pm Mon 11 Feb 13

mr.mark.c says...

The first quitter in 600yrs, once a quitter always a quitter.
.
.
He was forced against his will into Hitler Youth at the age of 14 and into the Wehrmacht at 16, serving in an anti-aircraft unit before deserting towards the end of the war.
The first quitter in 600yrs, once a quitter always a quitter. . . He was forced against his will into Hitler Youth at the age of 14 and into the Wehrmacht at 16, serving in an anti-aircraft unit before deserting towards the end of the war. mr.mark.c

8:42pm Mon 11 Feb 13

dougie kay says...

Beside a billion Catholics. most living in third world countries. all being threatened by hell and damnation, if they do not blindly follow the religious diatribe, spouted by a senile old man and his cross dressing acolytes. Gives a monkey toss. these and other like minded god fanatics. Are a scourge.
Beside a billion Catholics. most living in third world countries. all being threatened by hell and damnation, if they do not blindly follow the religious diatribe, spouted by a senile old man and his cross dressing acolytes. Gives a monkey toss. these and other like minded god fanatics. Are a scourge. dougie kay

8:00pm Tue 12 Feb 13

berushka says...

Holy Father? When will these sheep get the message that their pope is just a bloke, voted in by a bunch of senile geezers wearing long red dresses, who can bleed like anyone else, and die just as easy as anyone else. By resigning, he has shocked the catholic flock (apt, considering the all follow this nonsense like sheep), by finally admitting the pope job is for a man, not something aligned to a super-mundane omni-scientific being.
Holy Father? When will these sheep get the message that their pope is just a bloke, voted in by a bunch of senile geezers wearing long red dresses, who can bleed like anyone else, and die just as easy as anyone else. By resigning, he has shocked the catholic flock (apt, considering the all follow this nonsense like sheep), by finally admitting the pope job is for a man, not something aligned to a super-mundane omni-scientific being. berushka

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